Survey Results: California

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Please note that the information presented here is only that which was reported in the survey from 2019 and does not include information or places reported in older published sources.


California became a state on September 9, 1850. Prior to statehood, it was very briefly the California Republic, and prior to that the area was a part of Alta California, a province first under the rule of Spain (1697–1821) and later under the rule of Mexico (1821–1846). In 1848, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago ceded Alta California to the United States.

According to the survey, the earliest Germans from Russia to arrive in California were immigrant Black Sea Germans from the Kutschurgan colony of Baden. They settled in Sacramento, California in 1889.

Immigrant Germans from Russia along with first, second, third, fourth and fifth generation descendants were reported to have lived in California.

List of Places

There were 198 places in California reported on the survey. Included below is the earliest year Germans from Russia reportedly arrived in each place. The "Germans from Russia Origins" column includes the region in Russia along with colony from which immigration took place, and/or the colony of immigrant's birth. The locations of the ancestral colonies today can be found on the Germans from Russia Settlement Locations map.


Cite This Page: Sandy Schilling Payne, “Survey Results: California,” last modified February 22, 2020,